Bioethics [Test] Welcome to test: Bioethics (2021) The test consists of 30 questions. You are given 30 minutes to solve. Questions are given in random order and are not repeated. At the end of testing, you have the number of correct answers. Name Group Email Record book № Removal of organs and tissues from a dead donor is carried out in the Russian Federationin accordance with the moral and religious values of societyif a person didn’t give consent to it during his lifeonly if there is written permission from the deadif a person expressed consent to it during his lifefreely in the interests of science and societyThe non-directive nature of medical and genetic care includes everything except:Objective presentation of information“Competent influence” on the decision and choice of patientsInforming about the probabilistic nature of genetic counseling dataReliance on the principle of «do good»In Russia, the artificial termination of pregnancy for social reasons is carried out on the term:Regardless the duration of pregnancyUp to 12 weeksUp to 28 weeksUp to 16 weeksUp to 22 weeksThe ethic of removing organs from a dead donor implies:The condition of the consent of relativesThe condition expressed during the life and legally agreed consent of the donorThe condition of the absence of objections during the life of the donor to organ harvesting of his bodyLack of moral and legal restrictionsWhich of the following principles is basic in the “Hippocratic” model of medical ethics?Do no harmObserve the rights of the patientHelp the patientRespect the patientFulfill your dutiesHuman cloning on a global scale:The question is being studiedAllowed in some countriesForbidden in all countries for all timesTemporary moratorium is imposedIn Russia, artificial termination of pregnancy only at the request of the woman is carried out on the term:Up to 16 weeksUp to 28 weeksUp to 10 weeksUp to 22 weeksUp to 12 weeksThe treatment with corpses has ethical significance because:This is necessary for student learningPathological anatomy needs the preparation of drugs excision of individual parts of the body for demonstrationThe corpse has intrinsic valueAn autopsy can help to establish the truth, detect change, provide information, promote justiceThe formation of modern medical criteria for the death of a person is due to:Moral and ideological understanding of the essence of manThe development of medical technologyRespect for the honor and dignity of the personThe need for transplant medicineWhich of the following doctor-patient relationship models is the most rational from the perspective of patient’s interests?«Paternalistic model» — doctor as a «spiritual father»«Cooperative model» — cooperation of doctor and patient“Contract model”- doctor as a provider, and patient as a consumer of medical services«Engineering model» — doctor as a specialistRespect for the private life of a person from the doctor’s side implies:Transfer of information about the nature of the patient’s disease to their employersInforming about the state of health of the patient to members of their family upon request.Observance of their right to voteKeeping secrets about the person’s healthUnder the circumstances of only a few doctor-patient meetings for a very specific purpose, the following doctor-patient relationship model is most appropriate.ContractNegotiatedTechnicalPaternalisticThe involvement of a doctor in torture and corporal punishment of prisoners and the use of their knowledge for this purpose may be justified by:it’s forbidden in any conditionspunishment for crimesinterests of developing sciencecommunity interests in obtaining necessary informationWhich of the following definitions is more consistent with the concept of «bioethics»?Social, legal and ethical implications of using advances in biomedical technologyAdvances in biomedical technologyThe value of human life in traditional Christian moral anthropology is determined by:Social statusAge (number of years lived)Mental and physical fitnessRace and nationalityThe uniqueness and originality of the individualFinancial solvencyRespect for the private life of a person from the side of a physician implies:Keeping secrets about a person’s healthObservance of a person’s right to voteTransfer of information about the nature of the patient’s disease to their employersInforming about the state of health of the patient to members of their family upon requestThe term “ethics” is proposed by:N.I. PirogovConfuciusHippocratesAristotleParacelsusThe criteria determining the beginning of human life are:The formation of the nervous tissue of the fetusFirst heartbeatThe moral status of a human embryo included in the system of moral relationships between peopleFormation of the respiratory system of the fetusA guaranteed criterion for the irreversibility of the persistent vegetative state of people under the age of 50 years, according to the statement of the WMA is:3 months unconscious3 years unconscious6 months unconscious12 months unconscious1 month unconsciousWhat duties of a doctor in relation to a patient are not stipulated by the International Code of Medical Ethics:Always provide emergency assistance to anyone in needRespect the patientContact more competent colleagues in case of professional difficultiesRemember your duty to save human lifeKeep medical confidentiality even after the death of the patientIntervention in the human genome can be carried out for all listed purposes, except:Changes in the genome of the germ cellsTherapeutic purposesProphylactic purposesDiagnostic purposesThe basic rules of bioethics are all the following, except:ReliabilityTruthfulnessJusticeInformed consentConfidentialityPalliative care includes:Analgesic therapies, not addressing the cause of the disease, but seeking to soften or eliminate the sensation of painArtificial lung ventilationExtracorporeal dialysis with an artificial kidneyTreatment of ulcersThe purpose of genetic engineering is:Creating organisms with new beneficial propertiesCreating a physically and mentally ideal personThe creation of new medicinesDiagnosis and treatment of hereditary diseasesIntervention in human natureHippocrates’ look at the doctor-patient relationships better described asPaternalisticDetermined by the principles of justiceExperiencing the predominant influence of the principle of «do no harm»Respecting patient autonomyThe “Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine” (1997), when using the achievements of biology and medicine, undertakes to protect and guarantee everything except:Protecting the individuality of every human beingRespect for the dignity of manProviding economic benefits and material interestRespect for human rights and fundamental freedomsRespect for the integrity of the personCan doctors in Russia turn off resuscitation equipment?Can, if the consultation of doctors has established an irreversible state of cerebral deathCan’t, because the termination of artificial measures to maintain the life of the patient entails criminal responsibility of the doctorCan, if the patient has artificial life support measures for a long timeCan, if there is a written notarized permission of the patient, given to him before his deathCan’t without the permission of the patient’s relativesIn which document of the World Medical Association are the basic rights of patients proclaimed?Declaration on the Protection of the Rights of Patients in EuropeConvention on the Protection of Patients’ RightsHelsinki DeclarationStatement on the protection of the rights of patientsLisbon Declaration of the Rights of the PatientWhat are the relationships between the norms and principles of medical ethics and deontology?All named aboveRelationships of health workers and societyRelationships of doctor and patientRelationships in the medical teamRelationships of doctor and patient’s relativesThe unjustified euthanasia from a medical point of view is determined by:With all the factors listedBlocking the moral incentive to develop and improve medical knowledge and medical tools to combat deathViolation of the doctor’s mission to save and preserve human lifeViolation of the moral commandment «Thou shalt not kill»Chance for recovery and the ability to change the patient’s decisionThank you! 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