Bioethics [Test] Welcome to test: Bioethics (2021) The test consists of 30 questions. You are given 30 minutes to solve. Questions are given in random order and are not repeated. At the end of testing, you have the number of correct answers. Name Group Email Record book № The ethic of removing organs from a dead donor implies:The condition expressed during the life and legally agreed consent of the donorThe condition of the absence of objections during the life of the donor to organ harvesting of his bodyLack of moral and legal restrictionsThe condition of the consent of relativesIntervention in the human genome can be carried out for all listed purposes, except:Changes in the genome of the germ cellsDiagnostic purposesTherapeutic purposesProphylactic purposesUnder the circumstances of only a few doctor-patient meetings for a very specific purpose, the following doctor-patient relationship model is most appropriate.PaternalisticTechnicalNegotiatedContractThe formation of modern medical criteria for the death of a person is due to:The development of medical technologyMoral and ideological understanding of the essence of manRespect for the honor and dignity of the personThe need for transplant medicineThe basic rules of bioethics are all the following, except:JusticeInformed consentConfidentialityTruthfulnessReliabilityRemoval of organs and tissues from a dead donor is carried out in the Russian Federationonly if there is written permission from the deadfreely in the interests of science and societyin accordance with the moral and religious values of societyif a person didn’t give consent to it during his lifeif a person expressed consent to it during his lifeMorality is:Set of scientific factsAttitudes and customs of people classed by culture according to the criterion of «good-evil»Philosophical teachingsStrict adherence to laws and the constitutionCan doctors in Russia turn off resuscitation equipment?Can, if there is a written notarized permission of the patient, given to him before his deathCan, if the consultation of doctors has established an irreversible state of cerebral deathCan, if the patient has artificial life support measures for a long timeCan’t without the permission of the patient’s relativesCan’t, because the termination of artificial measures to maintain the life of the patient entails criminal responsibility of the doctorN.I.Pirogov believed that:Doctors’ mistakes say about the incompetence of the doctorA good doctor is one who never makes a mistakeOnly young doctors make mistakesDoctor has the “right” to make a mistakeMedical error is inevitable in the practice of the doctorThe involvement of a doctor in torture and corporal punishment of prisoners and the use of their knowledge for this purpose may be justified by:punishment for crimesit’s forbidden in any conditionsinterests of developing sciencecommunity interests in obtaining necessary informationAttitude to euthanasia of Russia according to the “Fundamentals of the legislation of the Russian Federation on the protection of public health”:Active euthanasia is prohibited, and passive is permitted only with the written consent of the patientBoth types of euthanasia are permittedBoth passive and active euthanasia are prohibitedOnly active euthanasia is prohibitedOnly passive euthanasia is prohibitedWhat is Bioethics?The science of the features of the development of medicine in the period of STPThe system of legal legislation that regulates the activities of a doctor in the context of the STPThe science of medical practice using the achievements of the STPThe system of norms and principles of conducting clinical researchThe science of the legal, ethical and social implications of scientific and technological progress (STP)Is euthanasia (artificial death approximation at the request of the patient) allowed by health care legislation?NotYesThe features of attitudes towards bioethics in Orthodox moral anthropology include all the following features, except:Commercial interests of the scientific and intellectual eliteUnderstanding God as the source of human striving for perfectionThe principle of «holiness of life.»The principle of synergy (the possibility of working together with man and God in the transformation of life)For the medical ethics of Paracelsus, the basic principle is:Do not stealThe principle of autonomy of the individual“Knowledge is power”Do goodDo not bear false witnessWhat are the relationships between the norms and principles of medical ethics and deontology?All named aboveRelationships in the medical teamRelationships of doctor and patientRelationships of doctor and patient’s relativesRelationships of health workers and societyThe concept of “informed consent” includes everything except:Information on the nature of the proposed interventionInformation on the undoubted priority of the benefits of the intervention compared to the possible riskInformation about possible negative consequencesInformation about the risk of interventionInformation on the intended purpose of the interventionAt what age can a child give independent informed consent to participate in an experiment?Since 16 years oldSince 15 years oldSince 14 years oldDepends on the level of development of the childThe treatment with corpses has ethical significance because:An autopsy can help to establish the truth, detect change, provide information, promote justiceThis is necessary for student learningPathological anatomy needs the preparation of drugs excision of individual parts of the body for demonstrationThe corpse has intrinsic valueThe “Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine” (1997), when using the achievements of biology and medicine, undertakes to protect and guarantee everything except:Respect for the integrity of the personProviding economic benefits and material interestRespect for human rights and fundamental freedomsRespect for the dignity of manProtecting the individuality of every human beingWhich of the following definitions is more consistent with the concept of «bioethics»?Social, legal and ethical implications of using advances in biomedical technologyAdvances in biomedical technologyMedical secrets include information about:The fact of seeking medical attentionAll of the aboveThe diagnosis of the diseaseContent of the willOne of the following forms of professional ethical consciousness cannot be attributed to the historical and logical models of biomedical ethics:Deontological modelBioethicsHippocratic modelParacelsus ModelFascist medicineIn Russia, artificial termination of pregnancy only at the request of the woman is carried out on the term:Up to 22 weeksUp to 12 weeksUp to 10 weeksUp to 28 weeksUp to 16 weeksWhat duties of a doctor in relation to a patient are not stipulated by the International Code of Medical Ethics:Always provide emergency assistance to anyone in needRemember your duty to save human lifeKeep medical confidentiality even after the death of the patientContact more competent colleagues in case of professional difficultiesRespect the patientThe criteria determining the beginning of human life are:The moral status of a human embryo included in the system of moral relationships between peopleFormation of the respiratory system of the fetusThe formation of the nervous tissue of the fetusFirst heartbeatThe “Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine” (1997), when using the achievements of biology and medicine, declares the following priorities:Community interestsInterests of science and scientific progressInterests and benefits of the human beingInterests of the able-bodied populationOther interestsGenetic screening of the embryo and fetus with appropriate intervention to eliminate defects in the genetic material:Have the features of eugenicsHave the traits of positive eugenicsDoes not have the features of eugenicsHave the traits of negative eugenicsCan a doctor refuse to work with a patient, if it does not threaten the life of the latter and those around him according to the Russian legislation?Can’t, because the doctor should help the patient in any caseCan, if the patient is rude to the doctorCan, if the patient is intoxicatedCan’t, because it is not provided by lawCan, if the patient does not follow the prescriptions and the internal regulations of the medical institutionGenetic screening and positive eugenics are:Evil for manIt is unacceptable because it can lead to severe moral conflicts and violation of individual rightsPermissible in practiceGood for manThank you! Click «Submit».