Bioethics (2021) Welcome to test: Bioethics (2021) The test consists of 30 questions. You are given 30 minutes to solve. Questions are given in random order and are not repeated. At the end of testing, you have the number of correct answers. Name Group Email Record book № Brain death is defined as:Irreversible cessation of blood circulation and respirationIrreversible loss of ability to social interactionExtensive and irreversible damage to the cerebral hemispheresIrreversible cessation of all functions of the whole brain, including the brainstemThe term “ethics” is proposed by:ConfuciusAristotleParacelsusN.I. PirogovHippocratesThe concept of "medical deontology" includes:Ideas about the conditions of optimal activity of medical workersDoctrine of responsibility (due) in the activities of medical workersGenetic screening of the embryo and fetus with appropriate intervention to eliminate defects in the genetic material:Does not have the features of eugenicsHave the traits of positive eugenicsHave the features of eugenicsHave the traits of negative eugenicsGenetic predictive testing is performed:For medical and moral preparation and increased care for the future child and to clarify the clinical diagnosisTo create a perfect society with the help of artificial selectionTo create a favorable social environment for people with enhanced intellectual abilitiesFor medical research purposes onlyIn order to carry out an artificial selection of the populationOnly for medicinal purposesThe non-directive nature of medical and genetic care includes everything except:Informing about the probabilistic nature of genetic counseling data“Competent influence” on the decision and choice of patientsReliance on the principle of "do good"Objective presentation of informationA guaranteed criterion for the irreversibility of the persistent vegetative state of people under the age of 50 years, according to the statement of the WMA is:3 years unconscious1 month unconscious3 months unconscious6 months unconscious12 months unconsciousWhat are the relationships between the norms and principles of medical ethics and deontology?Relationships in the medical teamRelationships of doctor and patient's relativesRelationships of doctor and patientRelationships of health workers and societyAll named aboveThe “Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine” (1997), when using the achievements of biology and medicine, undertakes to protect and guarantee everything except:Protecting the individuality of every human beingRespect for human rights and fundamental freedomsRespect for the dignity of manProviding economic benefits and material interestRespect for the integrity of the personOne of the following forms of professional ethical consciousness cannot be attributed to the historical and logical models of biomedical ethics:Fascist medicineParacelsus ModelBioethicsDeontological modelHippocratic modelThe value of human life in traditional Christian moral anthropology is determined by:The uniqueness and originality of the individualRace and nationalitySocial statusMental and physical fitnessAge (number of years lived)Financial solvencyIntervention in the human genome can be carried out for all listed purposes, except:Changes in the genome of the germ cellsProphylactic purposesTherapeutic purposesDiagnostic purposesRespect for the private life of a person from the doctor’s side implies:Informing about the state of health of the patient to members of their family upon request.Keeping secrets about the person’s healthObservance of their right to voteTransfer of information about the nature of the patient's disease to their employersIn which document does the WMA make recommendations for neurotransplantation?“Statement on trade in living organs”"Statement on embryonic tissue transplantation".“Lisbon Declaration on the Rights of the Patient”."Resolution on the behavior of doctors in the implementation of the transplantation of human organs.""Declaration on the transplantation of human organs."The fundamental basis of the medical profession is:Cognitive (epistemological)ArtEconomicMoralIs euthanasia (artificial death approximation at the request of the patient) allowed by health care legislation?YesNotWhat is Bioethics?The science of medical practice using the achievements of the STPThe science of the legal, ethical and social implications of scientific and technological progress (STP)The science of the features of the development of medicine in the period of STPThe system of legal legislation that regulates the activities of a doctor in the context of the STPThe system of norms and principles of conducting clinical researchRemoval of organs and tissues from a dead donor is carried out in the Russian Federationonly if there is written permission from the deadfreely in the interests of science and societyif a person expressed consent to it during his lifein accordance with the moral and religious values of societyif a person didn’t give consent to it during his lifeWhat basis can intervention in the sphere of human health be carried out on?Based on medical indicationsBased on financial profitBased on free, informed consent of the patientThe massive introduction of contraception is not intended to:Approval of the human right to plan the size of your familyConfronting religious moral valuesImplementation of various government orders and international projects to maintain a certain number of population in different regions of the worldPreservation of traditional views on marriage and familyThe criteria determining the beginning of human life are:Formation of the respiratory system of the fetusThe formation of the nervous tissue of the fetusThe moral status of a human embryo included in the system of moral relationships between peopleFirst heartbeatWhat is the subject of medical confidentiality?All named aboveInformation on the fact of seeking medical help, the patient’s state of health, the diagnosis of his disease and other information obtained during examination and treatmentInformation about the patient's state during his illnessThe physician should inform the patient about the form of medical intervention in all cases except when:The patient does not have a medical education, allowing to understand the complexity of the diseaseIn all the listed casesThis decision is determined by financial profitThe patient’s non-consent may lead to a deterioration in his healthThe patient is either minor, or mentally retarded, or the disease “blocks” the mindAttitude to euthanasia of Russia according to the “Fundamentals of the legislation of the Russian Federation on the protection of public health”:Both types of euthanasia are permittedOnly active euthanasia is prohibitedBoth passive and active euthanasia are prohibitedActive euthanasia is prohibited, and passive is permitted only with the written consent of the patientOnly passive euthanasia is prohibitedThe treatment with corpses has ethical significance because:Pathological anatomy needs the preparation of drugs excision of individual parts of the body for demonstrationThe corpse has intrinsic valueThis is necessary for student learningAn autopsy can help to establish the truth, detect change, provide information, promote justiceGenetic screening and positive eugenics are:It is unacceptable because it can lead to severe moral conflicts and violation of individual rightsGood for manPermissible in practiceEvil for manFor the medical ethics of Paracelsus, the basic principle is:Do goodDo not bear false witnessThe principle of autonomy of the individualDo not steal“Knowledge is power”The formation of modern medical criteria for the death of a person is due to:Respect for the honor and dignity of the personThe development of medical technologyThe need for transplant medicineMoral and ideological understanding of the essence of manThe purpose of genetic engineering is:Creating organisms with new beneficial propertiesThe creation of new medicinesCreating a physically and mentally ideal personDiagnosis and treatment of hereditary diseasesIntervention in human natureThe ethic of removing organs from a dead donor implies:The condition of the absence of objections during the life of the donor to organ harvesting of his bodyThe condition of the consent of relativesThe condition expressed during the life and legally agreed consent of the donorLack of moral and legal restrictionsThank you! Click «Submit». Добавить комментарий Отменить ответВаш адрес email не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *Комментарий * Имя * Email * Сайт Сохранить моё имя, email и адрес сайта в этом браузере для последующих моих комментариев.