Bioethics (2021) Welcome to test: Bioethics (2021) The test consists of 30 questions. You are given 30 minutes to solve. Questions are given in random order and are not repeated. At the end of testing, you have the number of correct answers. Name Group Email Record book № Medical secrets include information about:Content of the willThe fact of seeking medical attentionAll of the aboveThe diagnosis of the diseaseIntervention in the human genome can be carried out for all listed purposes, except:Changes in the genome of the germ cellsTherapeutic purposesProphylactic purposesDiagnostic purposesOne of the following forms of professional ethical consciousness cannot be attributed to the historical and logical models of biomedical ethics:BioethicsHippocratic modelFascist medicineDeontological modelParacelsus ModelAttitude to euthanasia of Russia according to the “Fundamentals of the legislation of the Russian Federation on the protection of public health”:Both passive and active euthanasia are prohibitedOnly active euthanasia is prohibitedBoth types of euthanasia are permittedOnly passive euthanasia is prohibitedActive euthanasia is prohibited, and passive is permitted only with the written consent of the patientWhat duties of a doctor in relation to a patient are not stipulated by the International Code of Medical Ethics:Always provide emergency assistance to anyone in needRespect the patientRemember your duty to save human lifeContact more competent colleagues in case of professional difficultiesKeep medical confidentiality even after the death of the patientHippocrates’ look at the doctor-patient relationships better described asRespecting patient autonomyExperiencing the predominant influence of the principle of "do no harm"PaternalisticDetermined by the principles of justiceThe criteria determining the beginning of human life are:Formation of the respiratory system of the fetusFirst heartbeatThe formation of the nervous tissue of the fetusThe moral status of a human embryo included in the system of moral relationships between peopleThe basic rules of bioethics are all the following, except:ReliabilityConfidentialityInformed consentJusticeTruthfulnessThe involvement of a doctor in torture and corporal punishment of prisoners and the use of their knowledge for this purpose may be justified by:punishment for crimescommunity interests in obtaining necessary informationinterests of developing scienceit’s forbidden in any conditionsThe term “ethics” is proposed by:ParacelsusHippocratesAristotleConfuciusN.I. PirogovThe massive introduction of contraception is not intended to:Approval of the human right to plan the size of your familyConfronting religious moral valuesPreservation of traditional views on marriage and familyImplementation of various government orders and international projects to maintain a certain number of population in different regions of the worldCan a doctor refuse to work with a patient, if it does not threaten the life of the latter and those around him according to the Russian legislation?Can’t, because the doctor should help the patient in any caseCan’t, because it is not provided by lawCan, if the patient is rude to the doctorCan, if the patient is intoxicatedCan, if the patient does not follow the prescriptions and the internal regulations of the medical institutionIn which document does the WMA make recommendations for neurotransplantation?"Statement on embryonic tissue transplantation".“Lisbon Declaration on the Rights of the Patient”."Declaration on the transplantation of human organs.""Resolution on the behavior of doctors in the implementation of the transplantation of human organs."“Statement on trade in living organs”The “Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine” (1997), when using the achievements of biology and medicine, undertakes to protect and guarantee everything except:Respect for the dignity of manProtecting the individuality of every human beingProviding economic benefits and material interestRespect for the integrity of the personRespect for human rights and fundamental freedomsWhich of the following principles is basic in the “Hippocratic” model of medical ethics?Fulfill your dutiesDo no harmRespect the patientHelp the patientObserve the rights of the patientGenetic predictive testing is performed:To create a perfect society with the help of artificial selectionOnly for medicinal purposesIn order to carry out an artificial selection of the populationFor medical research purposes onlyTo create a favorable social environment for people with enhanced intellectual abilitiesFor medical and moral preparation and increased care for the future child and to clarify the clinical diagnosisHuman cloning on a global scale:Allowed in some countriesForbidden in all countries for all timesTemporary moratorium is imposedThe question is being studiedWhat basis can intervention in the sphere of human health be carried out on?Based on medical indicationsBased on free, informed consent of the patientBased on financial profitThe formation of modern medical criteria for the death of a person is due to:Respect for the honor and dignity of the personMoral and ideological understanding of the essence of manThe need for transplant medicineThe development of medical technologyMorality is:Philosophical teachingsSet of scientific factsStrict adherence to laws and the constitutionAttitudes and customs of people classed by culture according to the criterion of "good-evil"The fundamental basis of the medical profession is:ArtCognitive (epistemological)MoralEconomicIntervention in the human genome can be carried out for all listed purposes, except:Diagnostic purposesTherapeutic purposesChanges in the genome of the germ cellsProphylactic purposesGenetic screening of the embryo and fetus with appropriate intervention to eliminate defects in the genetic material:Have the traits of positive eugenicsDoes not have the features of eugenicsHave the traits of negative eugenicsHave the features of eugenicsThe treatment with corpses has ethical significance because:This is necessary for student learningPathological anatomy needs the preparation of drugs excision of individual parts of the body for demonstrationAn autopsy can help to establish the truth, detect change, provide information, promote justiceThe corpse has intrinsic valueIn Russia, artificial termination of pregnancy only at the request of the woman is carried out on the term:Up to 12 weeksUp to 28 weeksUp to 16 weeksUp to 22 weeksUp to 10 weeksA guaranteed criterion for the irreversibility of the persistent vegetative state of people under the age of 50 years, according to the statement of the WMA is:1 month unconscious3 years unconscious6 months unconscious12 months unconscious3 months unconsciousWhich of the following doctor-patient relationship models is the most rational from the perspective of patient’s interests?“Contract model”- doctor as a provider, and patient as a consumer of medical services"Paternalistic model" - doctor as a "spiritual father""Engineering model" - doctor as a specialist"Cooperative model" - cooperation of doctor and patientThe concept of “informed consent” includes everything except:Information about possible negative consequencesInformation about the risk of interventionInformation on the intended purpose of the interventionInformation on the nature of the proposed interventionInformation on the undoubted priority of the benefits of the intervention compared to the possible riskA physician who recommended urography to his competent 68-year-old male patient is trying to decide whether to report the unlikely risk (1 in 10,000) of a fatal reaction. Being convinced that his decision should be determined by what other doctors usually do in similar circumstances, he is guided by:The principle of “do good” and the principle of "do no harm"The standard of professional practiceThe principle of respect for autonomyThe principle of weak paternalismThe non-directive nature of medical and genetic care includes everything except:Reliance on the principle of "do good"“Competent influence” on the decision and choice of patientsInforming about the probabilistic nature of genetic counseling dataObjective presentation of informationThank you! Click «Submit». Добавить комментарий Отменить ответВаш адрес email не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *Комментарий * Имя * Email * Сайт Сохранить моё имя, email и адрес сайта в этом браузере для последующих моих комментариев.