Bioethics (2021) Welcome to test: Bioethics (2021) The test consists of 30 questions. You are given 30 minutes to solve. Questions are given in random order and are not repeated. At the end of testing, you have the number of correct answers. Name Group Email Record book № Palliative care includes:Artificial lung ventilationAnalgesic therapies, not addressing the cause of the disease, but seeking to soften or eliminate the sensation of painTreatment of ulcersExtracorporeal dialysis with an artificial kidneyGenetic screening and positive eugenics are:It is unacceptable because it can lead to severe moral conflicts and violation of individual rightsPermissible in practiceEvil for manGood for manThe physician should inform the patient about the form of medical intervention in all cases except when:The patient’s non-consent may lead to a deterioration in his healthThe patient is either minor, or mentally retarded, or the disease “blocks” the mindThe patient does not have a medical education, allowing to understand the complexity of the diseaseThis decision is determined by financial profitIn all the listed casesIndirect abortion means:Spontaneous abortion (miscarriage) occurring in late pregnancyAbortion, which is necessary, (a) to save the life of the mother, or (b) based on other medical indicationsAn unintended side effect that is either at risk or tolerated when certain activities are performedIntentional expulsion of an embryo or fetus from the uterus at such a period of pregnancy when it is not yet capable of independent survivalThe value of human life in traditional Christian moral anthropology is determined by:Financial solvencyAge (number of years lived)The uniqueness and originality of the individualMental and physical fitnessRace and nationalitySocial statusAt what age can a child give independent informed consent to participate in an experiment?Since 15 years oldSince 14 years oldSince 16 years oldDepends on the level of development of the childThe fundamental basis of the medical profession is:EconomicMoralArtCognitive (epistemological)The basic rules of bioethics are all the following, except:Informed consentJusticeTruthfulnessConfidentialityReliabilityN.I.Pirogov believed that:Doctor has the “right” to make a mistakeOnly young doctors make mistakesDoctors’ mistakes say about the incompetence of the doctorA good doctor is one who never makes a mistakeMedical error is inevitable in the practice of the doctorThe features of attitudes towards bioethics in Orthodox moral anthropology include all the following features, except:The principle of "holiness of life."Commercial interests of the scientific and intellectual eliteThe principle of synergy (the possibility of working together with man and God in the transformation of life)Understanding God as the source of human striving for perfectionThe massive introduction of contraception is not intended to:Approval of the human right to plan the size of your familyImplementation of various government orders and international projects to maintain a certain number of population in different regions of the worldConfronting religious moral valuesPreservation of traditional views on marriage and familyCan doctors in Russia turn off resuscitation equipment?Can, if the patient has artificial life support measures for a long timeCan’t, because the termination of artificial measures to maintain the life of the patient entails criminal responsibility of the doctorCan, if there is a written notarized permission of the patient, given to him before his deathCan, if the consultation of doctors has established an irreversible state of cerebral deathCan’t without the permission of the patient’s relativesThe term “ethics” is proposed by:ConfuciusParacelsusHippocratesN.I. PirogovAristotleWhat is Bioethics?The science of the features of the development of medicine in the period of STPThe system of legal legislation that regulates the activities of a doctor in the context of the STPThe science of medical practice using the achievements of the STPThe system of norms and principles of conducting clinical researchThe science of the legal, ethical and social implications of scientific and technological progress (STP)Moral regulation of medical activity differs from legal activity by:The presence of money interestCriminal impunityFreedom of choice of actionArbitrariness of the motive of activityIntervention in the human genome can be carried out for all listed purposes, except:Changes in the genome of the germ cellsProphylactic purposesDiagnostic purposesTherapeutic purposesIn Russia, the artificial termination of pregnancy for social reasons is carried out on the term:Regardless the duration of pregnancyUp to 28 weeksUp to 16 weeksUp to 22 weeksUp to 12 weeksRespect for the private life of a person from the doctor’s side implies:Observance of their right to voteInforming about the state of health of the patient to members of their family upon request.Transfer of information about the nature of the patient's disease to their employersKeeping secrets about the person’s healthOne of the following forms of professional ethical consciousness cannot be attributed to the historical and logical models of biomedical ethics:Hippocratic modelBioethicsFascist medicineParacelsus ModelDeontological modelUnder the circumstances of only a few doctor-patient meetings for a very specific purpose, the following doctor-patient relationship model is most appropriate.ContractNegotiatedTechnicalPaternalisticCan a doctor refuse to work with a patient, if it does not threaten the life of the latter and those around him according to the Russian legislation?Can, if the patient is intoxicatedCan’t, because the doctor should help the patient in any caseCan’t, because it is not provided by lawCan, if the patient does not follow the prescriptions and the internal regulations of the medical institutionCan, if the patient is rude to the doctorIn which document of the World Medical Association are the basic rights of patients proclaimed?Convention on the Protection of Patients' RightsLisbon Declaration of the Rights of the PatientHelsinki DeclarationStatement on the protection of the rights of patientsDeclaration on the Protection of the Rights of Patients in EuropeMedical secrets include information about:Content of the willThe diagnosis of the diseaseAll of the aboveThe fact of seeking medical attentionIs euthanasia (artificial death approximation at the request of the patient) allowed by health care legislation?YesNotThe ethic of removing organs from a dead donor implies:Lack of moral and legal restrictionsThe condition expressed during the life and legally agreed consent of the donorThe condition of the absence of objections during the life of the donor to organ harvesting of his bodyThe condition of the consent of relativesA guaranteed criterion for the irreversibility of the persistent vegetative state of people under the age of 50 years, according to the statement of the WMA is:3 months unconscious12 months unconscious3 years unconscious6 months unconscious1 month unconsciousIntervention in the human genome can be carried out for all listed purposes, except:Changes in the genome of the germ cellsDiagnostic purposesTherapeutic purposesProphylactic purposesThe treatment with corpses has ethical significance because:Pathological anatomy needs the preparation of drugs excision of individual parts of the body for demonstrationThe corpse has intrinsic valueThis is necessary for student learningAn autopsy can help to establish the truth, detect change, provide information, promote justiceGenetic predictive testing is performed:For medical and moral preparation and increased care for the future child and to clarify the clinical diagnosisTo create a favorable social environment for people with enhanced intellectual abilitiesIn order to carry out an artificial selection of the populationOnly for medicinal purposesFor medical research purposes onlyTo create a perfect society with the help of artificial selectionBrain death is defined as:Irreversible cessation of blood circulation and respirationExtensive and irreversible damage to the cerebral hemispheresIrreversible cessation of all functions of the whole brain, including the brainstemIrreversible loss of ability to social interactionThank you! 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