Bioethics (2021) Welcome to test: Bioethics (2021) The test consists of 30 questions. You are given 30 minutes to solve. Questions are given in random order and are not repeated. At the end of testing, you have the number of correct answers. Name Group Email Record book № The most complete essence and content of bioethics reflect the definition:Bioethics - medicine in the context of moral norms and human rightsBioethics - a set of principles and methods of human relationshipsBioethics - the moral and ethical attitude to all living things on earthThe criteria determining the beginning of human life are:Formation of the respiratory system of the fetusThe moral status of a human embryo included in the system of moral relationships between peopleThe formation of the nervous tissue of the fetusFirst heartbeatWhich of the following definitions is more consistent with the concept of "bioethics"?Social, legal and ethical implications of using advances in biomedical technologyAdvances in biomedical technologyRespect for the private life of a person from the side of a physician implies:Keeping secrets about a person’s healthInforming about the state of health of the patient to members of their family upon requestTransfer of information about the nature of the patient's disease to their employersObservance of a person’s right to voteA physician who recommended urography to his competent 68-year-old male patient is trying to decide whether to report the unlikely risk (1 in 10,000) of a fatal reaction. Being convinced that his decision should be determined by what other doctors usually do in similar circumstances, he is guided by:The principle of weak paternalismThe principle of “do good” and the principle of "do no harm"The principle of respect for autonomyThe standard of professional practiceGenetic screening and positive eugenics are:It is unacceptable because it can lead to severe moral conflicts and violation of individual rightsGood for manPermissible in practiceEvil for manThe massive introduction of contraception is not intended to:Approval of the human right to plan the size of your familyImplementation of various government orders and international projects to maintain a certain number of population in different regions of the worldPreservation of traditional views on marriage and familyConfronting religious moral valuesThe involvement of a doctor in torture and corporal punishment of prisoners and the use of their knowledge for this purpose may be justified by:it’s forbidden in any conditionsinterests of developing sciencepunishment for crimescommunity interests in obtaining necessary informationThe non-directive nature of medical and genetic care includes everything except:Reliance on the principle of "do good"Objective presentation of informationInforming about the probabilistic nature of genetic counseling data“Competent influence” on the decision and choice of patientsThe concept of “informed consent” includes everything except:Information on the intended purpose of the interventionInformation about possible negative consequencesInformation on the nature of the proposed interventionInformation on the undoubted priority of the benefits of the intervention compared to the possible riskInformation about the risk of interventionMedical secrets include information about:All of the aboveContent of the willThe diagnosis of the diseaseThe fact of seeking medical attentionHuman cloning on a global scale:The question is being studiedTemporary moratorium is imposedForbidden in all countries for all timesAllowed in some countriesIn which document of the World Medical Association are the basic rights of patients proclaimed?Declaration on the Protection of the Rights of Patients in EuropeConvention on the Protection of Patients' RightsStatement on the protection of the rights of patientsLisbon Declaration of the Rights of the PatientHelsinki DeclarationCan doctors in Russia turn off resuscitation equipment?Can’t without the permission of the patient’s relativesCan, if there is a written notarized permission of the patient, given to him before his deathCan, if the patient has artificial life support measures for a long timeCan, if the consultation of doctors has established an irreversible state of cerebral deathCan’t, because the termination of artificial measures to maintain the life of the patient entails criminal responsibility of the doctorOne of the following forms of professional ethical consciousness cannot be attributed to the historical and logical models of biomedical ethics:BioethicsHippocratic modelFascist medicineParacelsus ModelDeontological modelThe fundamental basis of the medical profession is:ArtMoralCognitive (epistemological)EconomicFor the medical ethics of Paracelsus, the basic principle is:Do not bear false witnessDo not stealDo goodThe principle of autonomy of the individual“Knowledge is power”What are the relationships between the norms and principles of medical ethics and deontology?Relationships of doctor and patient's relativesAll named aboveRelationships in the medical teamRelationships of doctor and patientRelationships of health workers and societyThe treatment with corpses has ethical significance because:This is necessary for student learningPathological anatomy needs the preparation of drugs excision of individual parts of the body for demonstrationAn autopsy can help to establish the truth, detect change, provide information, promote justiceThe corpse has intrinsic valueWhat duties of a doctor in relation to a patient are not stipulated by the International Code of Medical Ethics:Contact more competent colleagues in case of professional difficultiesKeep medical confidentiality even after the death of the patientRespect the patientAlways provide emergency assistance to anyone in needRemember your duty to save human lifeThe purpose of genetic engineering is:The creation of new medicinesCreating organisms with new beneficial propertiesIntervention in human natureDiagnosis and treatment of hereditary diseasesCreating a physically and mentally ideal personIn Russia, artificial termination of pregnancy only at the request of the woman is carried out on the term:Up to 28 weeksUp to 16 weeksUp to 12 weeksUp to 10 weeksUp to 22 weeksMorality is:Philosophical teachingsAttitudes and customs of people classed by culture according to the criterion of "good-evil"Set of scientific factsStrict adherence to laws and the constitutionWhat basis can intervention in the sphere of human health be carried out on?Based on financial profitBased on medical indicationsBased on free, informed consent of the patientThe “Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine” (1997), when using the achievements of biology and medicine, undertakes to protect and guarantee everything except:Respect for human rights and fundamental freedomsProviding economic benefits and material interestRespect for the integrity of the personProtecting the individuality of every human beingRespect for the dignity of manAttitude to euthanasia of Russia according to the “Fundamentals of the legislation of the Russian Federation on the protection of public health”:Both passive and active euthanasia are prohibitedBoth types of euthanasia are permittedActive euthanasia is prohibited, and passive is permitted only with the written consent of the patientOnly passive euthanasia is prohibitedOnly active euthanasia is prohibitedCan a doctor refuse to work with a patient, if it does not threaten the life of the latter and those around him according to the Russian legislation?Can, if the patient is intoxicatedCan, if the patient is rude to the doctorCan’t, because it is not provided by lawCan, if the patient does not follow the prescriptions and the internal regulations of the medical institutionCan’t, because the doctor should help the patient in any caseGenetic predictive testing is performed:To create a favorable social environment for people with enhanced intellectual abilitiesIn order to carry out an artificial selection of the populationFor medical and moral preparation and increased care for the future child and to clarify the clinical diagnosisFor medical research purposes onlyTo create a perfect society with the help of artificial selectionOnly for medicinal purposesAt what age can a child give independent informed consent to participate in an experiment?Since 16 years oldDepends on the level of development of the childSince 15 years oldSince 14 years oldThe unjustified euthanasia from a medical point of view is determined by:Chance for recovery and the ability to change the patient's decisionBlocking the moral incentive to develop and improve medical knowledge and medical tools to combat deathViolation of the doctor’s mission to save and preserve human lifeWith all the factors listedViolation of the moral commandment "Thou shalt not kill"Thank you! 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